Ahrens, C. Donald. Meteorology Today: An Introduction To Weather, Climate, and the Environment. New York: West Publishing Company, 1991.
-This source explains the basics of climate change and the environment. It was a helpful place to begin, to review material and be able to understand concepts more clearly so as to write about it in the introduction.
Chisholm, Suzanne and Michael Parfit. “Greenland Melting? Satellite to Help Find Answer.” National Geographic Today. 24 Oct. 2002. National Geographic. 2 January 2006. <http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2002/10/1024_021024_TVGreenland.html>
-This source provided more general information on Greenland’s ice sheet, including its rough size as compared to that of Antarctica’s. It gave evidence of how scientists know that the Greenland ice sheet is indeed melting, including an increase in the speed of the ice sheet.
Good, Gregory A., ed. “Greenland Ice Sheet.” Sciences of the Earth: An Encyclopedia of Events, People, and Phenomena. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1998. Vol. 2. p.p. 373-374.
-This article gave information specific to the Greenland Ice Sheet, including its size and history, as well as how it was in the past and how that compares to today (or when the article was written) in areas such as amount of precipitation. However, this writing is a bit more complex and much is not specifically relevant to the paper.
Good, Gregory A., ed. “Sea Level.” Sciences of the Earth: An Encyclopedia of Events, People, and Phenomena. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1998. Vol. 1. p.p. 732-734.
-This article gave information specific to sea level, and how it is affected by the melting of land ice. It also relates the sea level with climatic warming and gives very specific evidence to support its claims. This article is much more difficult to comprehend as well, and much of the specifics are not relevant to the paper.
Hadley Center on Climate Research. “Melting Greenland Ice Threatens Global Rise In Sea Level.” 7 April 2004. Hadley Center on Climate Research. 22 December 2005. <http://www.metoffice.com/corporate/pressoffice/2004/pr20040407a.html>
-This source gave specific information on Greenland’s ice sheet and how it will affect sea level rise. It gave a brief summary that was very helpful to understanding/seeing “the big picture”/”the main point”.
Jenner, Lynn, ed. “Fastest Glacier in Greenland Doubles Speed.” NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center. 25 March 2005. <http://www.nasa.gov/centers/goddard/earthandsun/jakobshavn.html>
-This source explained why the thickening was occurring. It also goes into specific detail on the Jakobshavn Isbrae Glacier and the proof that it is melting.
Joyce, Meghan. “Ice Sheets Vulnerable To Melting.” Environment. Dec. 2005. ProQuest. 4 January 2006. <http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=942160691&sid=3&Fmt=4&clientId=6785&RQT=309&Vname=PQD>
-This source tells of the last time Greenland and Antarctica’s ice sheets had breakdowns. It also gave information on what can be expected to occur in the future based on this information.
Lovgren, Stefan. “Greenland Melt May Swamp LA, Other Cities, Study Says.” National Geographic News. 8 April 2004. National Geographic. 2 January 2006. <http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/04/0408_040408_greenlandicemelt.html>
-This article gave information of which cities may be in danger if the sea level were to rise. It briefly explained global warming and the increase n CO2 in the atmosphere, and was extremely helpful and easy to read and understand.
Lovgren, Stefan. “Warming to Cause Catastrophic Rise in Sea Level?” National Geographic News. 26 April 2004. National Geographic. 2 January 2006. <http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/04/0420_040420_earthday.htm>
-This article also gave information of which cities may be in danger if the sea level were to rise. This one focused more on the glaciers and what happens in them that would thereby affect sea level rise.
“Melting Ice Important Indicator of Global Warming.” Penn State. 9 March 2005. Science Daily. 21 December 2005. <http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/02/050223130619.htm>
-This source explained the link of melting ice to climate change. It specifically explained how and why this occurs.
“Modeling of Long-Term Fossil Fuel Consumption Shows 14.5-degree Hike in Earth’s Temperature.” Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. 2 November 2005. Public Affairs. 4 January 2006. <http://www.llnl.gov/pao/news/news_releases/2005/NR-05-11-01.html>
-This site gave the numbers for the amount of carbon dioxide currently in the atmosphere. It focused on the link between CO2 in the atmosphere and the Earth’s temperature.
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center. “Greenland Ice Sheet Flows Faster During Summer Melting.” NASA. 6 June 2002. Top Story. 21 December 2005. <http://www.gsfc.nasa.gov/topstory/20020606greenland.html>
-This source gave figures of Greenland’s melting and ice sheet flow. It gave specific information on the evidence for the increase in ice flow speed and explained why this is occurring.
“NASA Scientists Detect Rapid Thinning of Greenland’s Coastal Ice.” NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center. 25 July 2000. <http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2000/07/000725080351.htm>
-This article gave earlier evidence of the melting of Greenland’s ice sheet, as well as a brief prediction for the future that matched those of other sources.
Oppenheimer, Michael. “Polar Ice Sheets, Melting, and Sea Level Change.” Princeton University. 15 June 2004. <http://www.aaas.org/news/releases/2004/0615Oppenheimer.pdf>
-This PowerPoint gave a summary of polar melting and how it will affect sea level rise. It was quite helpful and for the most part simple and easy to understand—it was a good review and captured the main points.
Pachauri, R. K. “Address to the Ninth Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.” IPCC. 10 December 2003. <http://ww.ipcc.ch/press/sp-10122003.htm>
-This speech by the Chairman of the IPCC gives a detailed summary of climate change and the increase in temperatures and its effects. However, much of the speech is irrelevant and needs to be expanded more.
Pearce, Fred. “Greenland Ice Cap ‘Doomed to Meltdown.’” New Scientist News Service. 7 April 2004. New Scientist. 21 December 2005. <http://www.newscientist.com/article.ns?id=dn4864>
-This article remarks on the inevitability of the melting of the Greenland ice sheet and its size, as well as a summary of the ice sheet’s expected end.
Perkins, Sid. “Glacial Change.” Science News. 17 Dec. 2005. ProQuest. 5 January 2006. <http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=954882851&sid=2&Fmt=4&clientId=6785&RQT=309&Vname=PQD>
-This source gave specific information of Greenland and which portions of its ice sheet are melting. This is a more informative than explanatory article.
Ridley, J. K., et al. “Elimination of the Greenland Ice Sheet in a High CO2 Climate.” Journal of Climate. 1 Sep. 2005. ProQuest. 6 January 2006. <http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=911175141&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=6785&RQT=309&Vname=PQD>
-This article gave information about the melting of Greenland’s ice sheet. It is extremely long and detailed, and further explains and gives evidence for the predictions and statements.
“Sea Level.” U. S. Environmental Protection Agency. 7 January 2000. Global Warming – Climate. <http://yosemite.epa.gov/oar/globalwarming.nsf/content/ClimateFutureClimateSeaLevel.html>
-This article gave a graph of predicted sea level rise and numbers, as well as a graph of the projected rise in sea level. It is for the most part easy to understand; however, not much new information is given.
Stevens, William K. “As Alaska Melts, Scientists Consider the Reasons Why.” The New York Times. 18 August 1998: 1-6. New York Times On the Web. 16 December 2005. <http://www.nytimes.com/library/national/science/081898sci-alaska-thaw.html>
-This source told of the situation in Alaska and of the melting ice there and the effects it is having on the surrounding environment. This is highly relevant to the situation in Greenland, and is easy to understand and grasp the main idea from.
Tarbuck, Edward J., and Frederick K. Lutgens. Earth Science. New York: Macmillan College Publishing Company, 1994.
-This source gave information on the greenhouse effect and the basics of climate change as well as how humans affect climate change, as well as Figure 16.13, of a carbon curve.
“Warming Could Free Far More Carbon From High Arctic Soil Than Earlier Thought.” University of Washington. 5 December 2005. Science Daily. <http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/12/051205162830.htm>
-This article gave information regarding the release of carbon in the atmosphere due to melting of ice sheets. This too can add to the greenhouse effect and global warming and therefore spur on more mleting of ice.
-This site provided a graph of carbon emissions from the burning of fossil fuels.
-This site provided an accessible version of the IPCC graphs from the Summary Report for Policy Makers.
-This site supplied a diagram of the greenhouse effect.